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A DICTIONARY OF ENGLISH PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS
 

Francis Garden - 1878 - Table of contents

Diccionario filosófico
Voltaire.
Complete edition

Diccionario de Filosofía
Brief definition of the most important concepts of philosophy.

 

A Dictionary of English Philosophical Terms Francis Garden
 

Vocabulary of Philosophy, Psychological, Ethical, Metaphysical
William Fleming

Biografías y semblanzas Biographical references and lives of philosophers

Brief introduction to the thought of Ortega y Gasset

History of Philosophy Summaries

Historia de la Filosofía
Explanation of the thought of the great philosophers; summaries, exercises...

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Jaime Balmes

Historia de la Filosofía
Digital edition of the History of Philosophy by Zeferino González

Vidas, opiniones y sentencias de los filósofos más ilustres
Complete digital edition of the work of Diogenes Laertius

Compendio de las vidas de los filósofos antiguos
Fénelon

A brief history of Greek Philosophy
B. C. Burt

 

A Short History of Philosophy

Alexander

 

 

General, Generalization, Genus

General, Generalization, Genus. Of these the last denotes simply kind, not as distinguished by class marks from the objects of a kind larger than itself, in which case it would be species.

 

Generalization means both the faculty and the act of referring a perceived object to a genus. To this, as we have seen, an act of abstraction is requisite, seeing that all which is not common to the object with the rest of the genus must be removed from our thoughts of it, before we view it simply according to its kind. See Abstraction.

General means of or belonging to the genus. That is generally true which is true of the whole genus. This consideration is worth pausing on, seeing that generally and in general in ordinary talk denote the most, the ὡς ἐπὶ τό πολύ, the in plurimum, to the exclusion of all. Whereas, in their true sense they are universal, and have only acquired the force of most from our frequent implicit recognition of the fact that whereas an attribute may be predicated of a whole genus, there are yet some specimens of such genus which stand out or may stand out as exceptions. What we say of the generality we say universally, the exceptions being allowed for, and our predication is understood to have the genus for its subject after such allowance has been made.

It may be a question whether such allowance was before the mind of Overall when, drawing up the last section of the Catechism, he pronounced Baptism and the Supper of the Lord to be "generally necessary to salvation." He may have meant a contingent generality, one ὡς ἐπὶ τό πολύ, which is the way in which he has been ordinarily understood, or, not contemplating exceptional cases, he may have predicated an universal necessity, one for men in general of Baptism and the Lord's Supper, as distinguished from the special necessity of other means of grace in especial circumstances.

 

 

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