APPETITE.—Physical craving, "accompanied with uneasy sensation" (Reid).
Appetites are classified under Desires.
"The word appetitus, from which that of
appetite is derived, is
applied by the Romans and the Latinists to desires in general, whether they
primarily relate to the body or not, and with obvious propriety; for the
primitive signification is the seeking after whatever may conduce to happiness.
Thus Cicero observes, "Motus animorum duplices sunt; alteri, cogitationis;
alteri, appetitus. Cogitatio in vero exquirendo maxime versatur; appetitus
impellit ad agendum."
"Often means hunger, and sometimes figuratively any strong desire" (Beattie,
Moral Science, pt. I. ch. I.).
"Appetites, considered in themselves, are neither social principles of action,
nor selfish. They cannot be called social, because they imply no concern for the
good of others, nor can they justly be called selfish, though they be commonly
referred to that class. An appetite draws us to a certain object, without regard
to its being good for us or ill. There is no self-love implied in it, any more
than benevolence. We see that, in many cases, appetite will lead a man to what
he knows will be to his hurt. To call this, acting from self-love, is to pervert
the meaning of words. It is evident that in any case of this kind, self-love is
sacrificed to appetite" (Reid, Active Powers, essay III. pt. II. ch.
Hamilton's ed., p. 553; Stewart, Active Powers, bk. I. ch. I., Hamilton's ed.,
VI. 127; Cogan, On the Passions, I. 15).