ARCHETYPE (ἀρχή, first or chief; and
τύπος, form), a model or first form.—"There were other objects of the mind, universal, eternal, immutable, which they
called intelligible ideas, all originally contained in one archetypal mind or
understanding, and from thence participated by inferior minds or souls "
(Cudworth, Intell. Syst., p. 387).
"There is truth as well as poetry in the Platonic idea of
things being formed after original archetypes. But we hold that these archetypes
are not uncreated, as Plato seems to suppose; we maintain that they have no
necessary or independent existence, but that they are the product of Divine
wisdom; and that we can discover a final cause for their prevalence, not,
indeed, in the mere convenience and comfort of the animal, but in the aid
furnished to those created intelligences who are expected to contemplate and
admire their predetermined forms" (M'Cosh, Meth. of Div. Gov.,bk.
II. ch. I.
In the philosophy of Locke, the archetypes of our ideas are the things really
existing out of us. "By real ideas, I mean such as have a foundation in nature;
such as have a conformity with the real being and existence of things, or with
their archetypes" (Essay on Human Understanding, bk. II. ch.