vocabulary of philosophy - william fleming
DÆMON | DARWINIAN THEORY—DARWINISM.— V.
EVOLUTION | DATUM |
DE FACTO and DE JURE |
DEMERIT.—V. MERIT | DEMIURGE |
DEMONSTRATION | DEONTOLOGY | DESCENT.—V.
EVOLUTION | DESCRIPTION | DESERT.— V. MERIT | DESIGN | DESIRE | DESTINY |
DETERMINISM | DETERRENT.— V. PUNISHMENT | DEVELOPMENT.— V. EVOLUTION | DIALECTIC
| DICHOTOMY | DICTUM DE OMNI ET NULLO | DICTUM SIMPLICITER | DIFFERENCE |
DIFFERENTIATION | DILEMMA | DISCURSIVE | DISJUNCTIVE | DISPOSITION | DISSOLUTION
| DISTANCE | DISTINCT | DISTINCTION | DISTRIBUTION | DISTRIBUTIVE (Justice).— V.
JUSTICE | DIVISION | DOGMA | DOGMATISM | DOUBT | DREAMING | DUALISM | DUALITY of
CONSCIOUSNESS | DURATION | DUTY | DYNAMIC | DYNAMICAL
term (1) in earliest usage meant a god, one of the order of
deities; (2) later, an inferior deity, acting the part of a
messenger for the gods, specially in communicating their will to
men; this is the sense in which it is applied to the dæmon
or genius of Socrates; (3) in latest use, an evil spirit.
Socrates declared that he had a friendly spirit, or Dæmon, who restrained him
from things he was about to do.
"He is a great spirit (δαίμων),
and like all that is spiritual he is intermediate between the divine and
the mortal." "And what is the nature of this spiritual power?" Socrates
said. "This is the power," Diotima said, "which interprets and conveys
to the gods the prayers and sacrifices of men, and to men the commands
and rewards of the gods; and this power spans the chasm which divides
them, and in this all is bound together" (Plato's Symposium, 202,
In his Apology, Socrates refers to the coming of the
as a well-known characteristic of his life, inconsistent with the charge
of atheism brought against him. The Daimonion is spoken of as a Voice, a
God, and a Messenger from the God.
Plutarch has a Dialogue on the Dæmon
of Socrates, and Apuleius also wrote
De Deo Socratis (Ueberweg's Hist., I. 236).