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COGNITION (cognosco, to know).—(1) Knowledge, in its widest sense, embracing sensation, perception, conception, notion, and higher intuition; (2) specially, interpretation of sensory impression. Kant says:—»I cannot rest in the mere intuitions, but, if they are to become cognitions, must refer them, as representations, to something as object, and must determine them by means of the former» (Preface to 2nd ed. of Critique of Pure Reason, Meiklejohn, XXIX.; Max Müller, supplement II., vol. I. p. 371).— V. KNOWLEDGE.