AMPHIBOLY (ἀμφιβολία, ambiguity).—A proposition of a doubtful or double sense.
Aristotle distinguishes it from equivocatio,
ὁμωνυμία, ambiguity in terms taken
separately (The Sophistical Elenchi, ch. IV.; Organon, transl. Owen,
II. 544; Opera, ed. Buhle, III. 528; Whately's Logic, bk.
III. sec. 10).
The term is applied by Kant to the confounding of pure notions of the
understanding with objects of experience, and attributing to the one characters
and qualities which belong to
the other (Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Transcendental Analytic of
Principles,—bk. II. ch. III. app., entitled, "Of the equivocal nature or Amphiboly of the conceptions of reflection from the substitution of the
transcendental for the empirical use of the understanding").