ANTHROPOLOGY (ἄνθρωπος and
λόγος, the science of man).—Among naturalists it
means the natural history of the human species. According to Latham (Nat. Hist,
of Varieties of Man), anthropology determines the relations of man to the other mammalia;
ethnology, the relations of the different varieties of mankind to each
other (p. 559). In Germany the term includes all the sciences which in any point
of view relate to man—soul and body—individual and species—facts of history and
phenomena of consciousness—rules of morality as well as material interests.
"Anthropology is the science of man in all his natural variations. It deals with
the mental peculiarities which belong specifically to different races, ages,
sexes, and temperaments, together with the results which follow immediately from
them in their application to human life" (Morell, Psychology, p. 1).
Hamilton's Metaph., lect. I. vol. I. p. 136; Tylor's Anthropology; Journal of
Anthropological Institute, from 1871,—a store of facts concerning the natural
history of the human race; Moral Anthropology; Kant's Ethics, Semple, 3rd ed.,